COUNTRIES OF DISTRIBUTION: Canada & United States
ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE: Ranks as relatively endangered. Globally secure but may be rare in some parts of its range.
HEARTWOOD COLOUR: Dark brown, purple, greyish brown to black.
SAPWOOD COLOUR: White to yellow, yellow-brown. Paler than heartwood. It is common practice to steam or stain the sapwood to match the heartwood.
WORKING PROPERTIES: Glues, nails, sands and turns well. Excellent boring and carving properties. Polishes, paints and stains with good results. Can prove a challenge to mould and plane due to irregular grain patterns.